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Midwinter - five days after the New Moon in January, duration 8 days
F.G. Speck - Midwinter Rites of the Cayuga Longhouse

Thanksgiving addressed to all spiritual forces, especially to the Great Spirit, for the blessing of life, health and sustenance and the privileges of social life. Curative performances are carried out by the medicine societies. This is the major recurrent ceremony, a synthesis, capitulating all the ritual units of the ceremonial system and marking the end of the ceremonial year past and the beginning of the new.

Preliminary Day: Confession Rite (Confession of sins over wampum strings); Feather Dance

1st and 2nd Day: Stirring Ashes

3rd and 4th Day: Medicine Societies Dances (restricted and unrestricted), as requested on behalf of persons who are ill, or those who have derived benefit from rites of the respective societies and who desire them again

5th Day: Recess (In present Sour Springs Longhouse program, the White Dog Ceremony is performed at this time in the regular order of rites when the occasion rises).

6th Day: Feather Dance

7th Day: Burning Tobacco, Skin Dance, Adowa (Individual Thanksgiving), Naming Ceremony

8th Day: Bowl Game (Followed by the Forest Dance if the game is finished on the morning of the 8th day), Forest Dance, Stirring Ashes Song, Informal False Face Dance, Skanye (Woman’s Dance)

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